Chess Mail logo   J. H. Blackburne   Howard Staunton   Paul Morphy  
The Chess History
Research Zone
Dr Tim Harding  
Editor: Dr Tim
Harding
  Tim's correspondence chess history

British chess columns: some notes and corrections

Titles included here are ones from the 19th century and early 20th century requiring corrections or supplementary information to Whyld’s Chess Columns: A List, or others which require comment of some kind.

The page also includes some titles not found, about which there are queries and where this information may provide a starting point for future researchers.

More minor columns and corrections can undoubtedly be found and will be added from time to time. I have a large number of notes in my copy of Whyld that need to be added.

Amateur World. Monthly leisure miscellany edited in Norwood, London. Chess by James T. Palmer from 1/1876 to final issue 5/1878. Ran four postal chess tournaments. AVAILABILITY: Cleveland. (BL has only the first issue, no chess.)

Argus and Express. Ayr, Scotland (Whyld incorrectly has Ayrshire at start of title). Weekly paper with chess 6 Apr. 1878 to 27 May 1882 (irregular in final months). Column said by Whyld to be ‘probably by Frank Norton’, with ‘F. Morton’ and ‘Whorton’ given as alternates. However, the Postcard match v USA was organised by Hugh Bryan of Ayr and William T. Morton of Ayr was on the team, so he seems a plausible candidate.

Ashore or Afloat. London. Unimportant magazine, except for the chess columnby Steinitz from July-Sept 1883. Steinitz’s resignation announced on 14 Sept. Afterwards a dull chess column (to final issue of 11 Jan 1884). Whyld’s information seems correct.

Aylestonian, The. School magazine in Herefordshire with chess, c. 1890, according to Waterloo Directory. Not in Whyld.

Bath and Cheltenham Gazette. Bath. Elijah Williams column (mostly problems, some games) from 8 Sept. 1840-(if Whyld is right) 21 Oct.1846, but with long gaps.

Bell’s Life in London. George Walker column from Jan 1835 to May 1873, with a few further articles in 1873.

Birmingham Mercury. Weekly paper which closed 1858. Column by T. H. Lowe, 4 Mar. 1854 to 6 Dec. 1856, organising a correspondence tourney; see also pp. 236-7. NB: The title, contra Whyld, was not Birmingham Weekly Mercury.

Black and White. London. Column by Hoffer from 4 Mar. to 5 Aug. 1893. See my Kibitzer articles 101 and 102 in the archives at at www.chesscafe.com.

Bow Bells. London. Column from Dec. 1873 (vol. xix, no. 490) to Dec. 1884 (vol 41, no. 1064) and revived Dec. 1885-28 Dec. 1887 (by C. F. Potts who said his late father started the puzzle page). Bow Bells was relaunched 6 Jan. 1888; chess re-started 26 July 1889 and ran to 26 Dec. 1890, when the column abruptly ended. Has mostly (but not completely) been digitised.

Bridlington Free Press. Syndicated column by the pseudonymous ‘Captain King’, c. 1903-4 at least (not in Whyld; discovered by Chris Williams).

Brief: The Week’s News. London news digest. Chess by Francis Collins, mostly about problems but some London club news, from 19/1/1878 (Whyld)-Feb. 1881 (end of publication). Includes early problems by Beechey in 1880. Original title was Brief of the week; changed during 1881 to The week’s news.

Bristol Mercury. See p. 301: Rowland column weekly in Saturday issues, from 2/2/1884 (following a big overview article about the Bristol & Clifton Chess Association on 26/1/1884) until 26/12/1896. (Whyld confusingly has a second entry under ‘Mercury and Post’.) Articles include local material and some copy that also appears in the Dublin Evening Mail and Sheffield Weekly Independent columns. There was possibly a twentieth century column by so mebody else.

Cambrian, The. Swansea. One of the earliest Welsh chess columns, ed. James Glass 1891-3 (possibly later). This newspaper has been indexed online: see the Swansea library website.

Cassell’s Illustrated Family Paper. London weekly. Chess column by H. C. Mott throughout life of the paper: Dec. 1853-Mar. 1867. (Chess not ending 12/1863 as Whyld stated.) Several correspondence and problem tourneys. In the British Library except for volume XIII (28/11/1863-21/5/1864, found in the Bodleian). Cleveland has a scrapbook with all (or almost all) the chess columns, available on microfilm.

Court Gazette, The. See New Court Gazette.

Cricket and Football Field, The. Bolton sporting weekly. Chess 1892-1915 says Whyld. Correspondence tourney 1908-10.

Croydon Guardian. Weekly. Chess by Joseph Steele 1877-85 says Whyld. Correspondence tourneys 1882-5 but several years unfit for use in Colindale.

Derbyshire Advertiser. Weekly. Chess by Fred Thompson 1878; column ends 21 May 1880. The MF for 1879 was missing when sought (may be refilmed).

Dudley Herald . 25/4/1891-1/6/1895 . Edited by George Bellingham throughout. Correspondence tournament in 1893-5.

Dundee Courier & Argus . G. B. Fraser column from 14 July 1862-19 Jan.1864. Not seen at a later date. Whyld mentions 1893 as a possibility (title then was Dundee Courier) but nothing was found in spot checks; there is no mention of such a column in Fraser-Whyld correspondence.

Edinburgh Magazine. Ed. Alexander E. Sutherland. July 1872-June 1873 (B.L. lacks Jan.-May 1873). Chess by James White (with tourney). Definitely published in Edinburgh.

English Mechanic and World of Science. London. Long-running column: six correspondence tourneys between 1882 and 1894. Editors were J. W. Abbott (7 June 1872-Oct 1876), then to Mar. 1892 by James Pierce; on death of Pierce, after some discussion with readers, the column resumed on 20 May 1892 with an anonymous editor. Whyld named W. T. Pierce until about 1899, then J. P. Taylor, but W. T. Pierce only ran the final tourney. In volume lix (6 Apr. 1894), p. 162, A. G. Fellows is informed: ‘We do not understand your post-card. Mr Pierce is not Chess Editor of “E.M.”.’ Last volume seen was 62 (to 14 Feb. 1896).

Era, The. London weekly. Löwenthal chess column ran 19/2/1854-29/4/1866. Anonymous column from 17/6-4/11/1866 also 6/1/1867 (irregular); ‘new series’ (problems from #1) began 10/2/1867 to 28/12/1873. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography wrongly associates Staunton with this. Fraser attributed the later series to Duffy (see p. 109, n163) and attitudes sometimes expressed in the column support that view. Whyld, noting a break after 6/1/1867 until 10/2/1867, apparently did not look at 1866, despite the fact that several other columns and magazines reported the explicit April 1866 ‘retirement’ of Löwenthal .

Evening News and Star . Glasgow. (Listed by Whyld as News and Star.) Chess by Hugh Bryan (a continuation of the column in News of the Week) ran 3 Jan.-13 June 1878 only.

Examiner-News . Cardiff 1892? Probably a ‘ghost’ in Whyld. No such title in the British Library or Waterloo Directory.

Falkirk Herald. Whyld says chess column by A. J. Neilson, 1894-1942. Edinburgh Chess Club scrapbook of columns (to at least 1914) was seen.

Family Friend . London fortnightly (weekly from June 1852), with chess May 1849-Oct. 1854 (6 vols). Chess column in volumes 2-6 is edited by Harrwitz; internal evidence suggests he did not edit volume 1. Volumes from 1862-3 which Whyld said have chess were not found at the B.L. when requested.

Family Herald . London weekly. Chess only in vols. 16-17: no. 783 for 1 May 1858 had ‘First steps in chess’ by Tomlinson, who soon handed over to Löwenthal; last chess on 28/4/1860.Later column (1902-16) was mostly problems, in scrapbook at Cleveland, not studied.

Field, The. London sporting weekly (original full title: The Field, the Farm, the Garden, the Country Gentleman’s Newspaper.) The first column was by Elijah Williams 1/1/1853 until mid-1854; irregular in the second year. Whyld says it ended 28 Oct. 1854 but Williams had died in September. Chess resumed with Boden 24 April 1858-28 Aug. 1869. Details of the editorship between then and the accession of Steinitz is unclear. Whyld says Boden to March 1870 but there is no obvious change at that point; it appears possible that a new columnist was hired when the column restarted in Jan. 1870. De Vere is generally agreed to have been editor in 1871. Authorship in 1872 is unclear. Steinitz took over in 1873, in January according to his biographer, and his reign ended in July 1882, after the Vienna tournament, due to an acrimonious correspondence involving James Mason that provoked his resignation. Thereafter Hoffer (Aug 1882-Aug 1913) and Burn.

Figaro, The. London from 1870 (title changed to London Figaro after 1880). The paper was edited by James Mortimer, who was a chess expert himself. Column 17/2/1872-July 1876 edited by Löwenthal; then Steinitz 2/8/76-1882. Landsberger, Steinitz, p. 63, incorrectly states that Steinitz wrote in the Figaro from January 1873, but the start-date is clear. The column however is short and functional, lacking news and opinion, which Steinitz had to express elsewhere. Briefly the London Figaro had a later column by Chatto 2 July-15 Oct. 1887.

Football Field. See Cricket and Football Field.

Gateshead Observer. Earliest column on Tyneside; editor unknown but possibly Silas Angas. Regular chess articles began 26 Aug. 1848 (some games earlier but not on the date stated by Whyld) and apparently appeared most weeks until 21 Feb. 1852 (Whyld). The title was Gateshead and County of Durham Observer from 14 April 1849-27 Dec.1851 and then changed back.

Gentleman’s Journal. London; weekly with monthly supplement. Column by H. F. Meyer, from Nov. 1869-Oct. 1872 (life of periodical).

Glasgow Citizen. First Scottish column: June 1847 to 31 Jan 1851 says Whyld. (1847 unavailable in Colindale.) As late editions often dropped the column, the microfilm in the British Library does not have all the articles that appeared. Editor A. G. McCombe emigrated to Australia.

Glasgow Weekly Herald. Column begun by John Jenkin 2 Nov.1872 (previously in the Glasgow Weekly Star); not clear when he ceased to be editor, possibly 1875 as Whyld says. Editor in next years unclear but the column was still running in May 1879. New column edited by David Forsyth in 1886, but 14 May 1877 reported he was moving to Edinburgh and James Marshall (not mentioned by Whyld) was named as the new editor. He possibly handed over to Sheriff Spens whom Whyld credits for 1887-97. Others later.

Glasgow Weekly News. 1878. A ‘ghost’ in Whyld’; the column referred to is in the Evening News and Star [q.v.].

Glasgow Weekly Star. Column by John Jenkin (Jan-May 1872) according to Whyld, before transferring to the Glasgow Weekly Herald. Title unavailable until 1874 in Colindale.

Gravesend & Dartford Reporter. A ‘ghost’ in Whyld’ but there were some chess news reports in 1875-6. Also on 1 & 22 Apr. 1876, the opening moves of correspondence games between Gravesend and the Bedford Institute in London were published. One of these games later appeared in the Westminster Papers, x (1 Aug 1877) p. 61, so there may have been further items in the paper.

Hampstead Record. London weekly. Column (not in Whyld) apparently began 1900, ending 6 Apr. 1901. Correspondence tourney.

Historic Times. London (Church of England publication). Date of 1856 in Whyld (p. 192) is an error. Chess by Elijah Williams began vol. 2 (no 44, 16 Nov. 1849), p. 286. Seen to 26 Sept. 1850 (vol 4 no 89), chess on p. 189; perhaps the final issue.

Hobbies . London. Chess started 1 Dec. 1897 and draughts began 16 Oct. 1897. Chess continued almost weekly until suspended on 28 May 1910. Correspondence tourneys were run for both games. The early columnist was Archibald K. Murray, who died in May 1906, but his successor is unknown (possibly his son).

Home Circle, The. London; 10 vols from July 1849 to June 1854; chess by H. C. Mott (with assistance from Kling & Horwitz) throughout. Organised the first correspondence chess tourney. Final volume only available at the University of Manchester John Rylands Library.

Huddersfield College Magazine. Monthly, Oct. 1872-Aug/Sept. 1880. Chess editor: John Watkinson. The college was a secondary school. This magazine was the precursor to British Chess Magazine, edited by Watkinson from 1881.

Hull Bellman. Weekly. Chess (ed. J. Crake) from 7 Sept. 1878 to 25 Sept. 1880 when he resigned and Freeborough began chess in the Hull Packet instead. Whyld incorrectly states that the title was changed from Hull Miscellany [q.v.] to the Bellman. They were distinct titles, running simultaneously for a time.

Hull Miscellany and Baker Street Programme, The. Weekly; the title in volume 1 was the Baker Street Programme and Miscellany: Saturday evenings for the people . It apparently started as the programme of a Saturday concert series in Hull with additional material (captive audience!) and transmuted into a magazine that lasted to Dec. 1883 . Chess (ed. J. Crake) began Jan. 1878 (vol. 2) but on 31 Aug. (vol. 3) chess (including a correspondence tourney) was transferred to the Bellman, his draughts column (which W. E. Leffler had begun in volume 1) remaining in the Miscellany. Not in the B.L. until 1881; seen at Hull Public Library. Whyld also mentions a column by Crake 1880-1 in the Hull Church Gazette; the local library did not hold this.

Illustrated Historic Times. London. See Historic Times. Whyld’s Illustrated Historic News (immediately above) is a ghost.

Illustrated London News. London. The most widely-read chess column in the nineteenth century, circulating globally. Anonymous editors at first with gaps until Feb. 1845; then Staunton (to death at end-June 1874), Wormald (to Dec. 1876), Duffy (to Apr. 1888, possibly assisted by people named by Whyld although there is no internal evidence of this); then Abbott. The column was read to 1915 and up to then weeks were rarely missed from 1845 onwards. It appeared approximately fortnightly in the second half of 1923, sometimes with longer gaps. Whyld’s statement that there were gaps in 1863 is incorrect.

Illustrated News of the World and Drawing Room Portrait Gallery of Eminent Personages . London. Chess began volume 2, 30/10/1858 after announcement 23/10 that Löwenthal has been engaged. Apparently an inferior copy of his Era column; continued to 5 Sept. 1863 according to Whyld.

Illustrated Science Monthly. London. Column by Frideswide Beechey/ Rowland Nov. 1883 to Apr. 1885.

Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News. London. Whyld mentions a column by Wormald in 1874-6. It began in the second issue of the publication (7 March). Whyld says the main column by ‘Mars’ (Rev G. A. MacDonnell) ran Apr. 1879-Aug. 1896 (with a later column by Guest, 16/1/1897-16/6/1900). Actually, following the death of Wormald at the end of 1876, the column continues, perhaps already conducted by MacDonnell. His first ‘Chess Chat’ by ‘Mars’ was published 21 June 1879. Material from these columns formed the basis for MacDonnell’s books Chess Life-Pictures and The Knights and Kings of Chess. A microfilm purchased from the Cleveland library shows Guest’s column continuing to the end of September 1900 but the original volumes for these later years have not been seen.

Kaleidoscope, The. Liverpool weekly, now digitised. Two runs of chess by Egerton Smith (1819-20 and 1824-9) containing problems with some news, correspondence and occasionally games. Also a draughts series in between.

Knowledge. London scientific weekly. Whyld’s entry is questionable; there is no internal evidence of Beechey or Fenton involvement. Contributors clearly are R. A. Proctor (the editor and proprietor) and ‘Mephisto’ (Isidor Gunsberg) who was probably chiefly responsible after the earliest issues. First column in issue 1 of 4 Nov. 1881; chess runs through six half-yearly volumes. Later columns by Locock, 1891-1904 according to Whyld.

Lady’s Newspaper, The. London. Inherited chess column of the Pictorial News on merger 15/1/1848 (no chess previously); continued to 25 Oct. 1851 (problem 332 and game 332). New series, not mentioned by Whyld, 2 Aug. 1856-10 Jan. 1857 (twenty problems). Chess editor probably male: no women’s chess news.

Ladies’ Treasury . London. Chess columns began Feb. 1876 (not 1874 as stated in Whyld), apparently ending 1 Dec. 1893. Chess editor said to be first Abbott and then Frank Healey (from 1886), both problem experts. Now digitised.

Lads of the Village. London, ‘ a magazine of universal recreation’; began 18 July 1874. Edited by William Watkins, ‘author of British Sports and Pastimes, The Boy's Own Hand Books &c &c. ’ Chess began on 25 July with an obituary of Staunton, lifted virtually verbatim from Land and Water , 4 July. After unoriginal items 1 & 8 Aug, chess returns on 5 Sept. with what appears to be the launch of Chatto’s column, but the B.L. and Waterloo Directory know of no more issues. We believe it continued because there are references in the City of London Chess Magazine to Chatto running a correspondence tourney during 1875. This title requires more research; can copies of later issues be found?

Lady’s Pictorial. London. Columns almost every week from 18 May 1895 to 14 Aug 1897. Edited by ‘Mrs Gunsberg’ (second wife, née Miriam Clarke) who died soon afterwards.

Lancet. London weekly. Chess in several early numbers, 1823-4, compiled from various sources by Thomas Wakley; not by George Walker as sometimes stated.

Land and Water . Important London column. Details in Whyld are largely correct: Löwenthal 27 Aug.1870-27 Dec. 1873 (Whyld mentions Wisker, which is plausible as Löwenthal retired from ill health). Then Duffy from about April 1876 to Nov. 1877, finally Potter to 29 Aug. 1885; letter from Skipworth 12 Sept. 1885 is the last.

Leeds Mercury Weekly Supplement . Extra section with Saturday edition of Leeds Mercury, 27 Sept. 1879-Dec. 1905, edited throughout by James White. A few minor correspondence events organised. Mostly Yorkshire chess news and games. The paper also had a draughts column.

Leisure Hour, The. London monthly. Only occasional chess articles until 1898 (at first included in the ‘Fireside Club’ section). Regular competitions and column Nov. 1899-Oct. 1905 (final issue).

Liverpool Mercury. Liverpool, 1813-14 (Egerton Smith). Occasional chess problems with crude woodcut diagrams; has been digitised.

London and Brighton Magazine. Supposed to have a chess column by Chatto from Jan. 1876 but that year untraced. It is believed the magazine ceased with the March 1876 issue.

London Figaro. See Figaro.

London Journal. Chess by ‘Captain Crawley’ (George Frederick Pardon) for a few months from 1858-1859.

Matlock Register . Matlock Bath, Derbyshire. First Frideswide Beechey column from 8 Dec 1882-Nov. 1883 according to BCM. Mentioned in several sources but copies untraced.

Morning Post. London. Column (by Anthony Guest until his death 29 Jan. 1925) on Mondays from 27 May 1883-30 May 1925 says Whyld.

New Court Gazette. First column by Staunton: 9 May to 5 Dec. 1840; title changes to Court Gazette on 3 Oct.

Newcastle Courant. Column by William Mitcheson (“Nemo Chits”) began 14 April 1876 and ran to the end of 1878. Whyld has the start-date and title wrong; it was a weekly paper but that word was not in the title. There may have been a Newcastle Weekly Courant with a chess column later in the century.

Newcastle Weekly Chronicle. Column by John Charleton began 20 Sept. 1873 but space very small until late Jan./Feb. 1874 when it starts to be a proper column; ended Feb. 1875. There was a later column in the 1890s.

News of the Week. Glasgow. Column by Hugh Bryan began 2 Nov. 1874 (second issue of the title) and it later organised postal events. After publication ceased Dec. 1877, the column transferred to the Evening News and Star.

Norfolk News. Norwich weekly. Column by F. G. Rainger began 20 Aug. 1859 and ran to May 1863. Good coverage of provincial chess in this period. Maybe some articles by John Odin Howard Taylor in 1872.

Northern Figaro. Aberdeen weekly. Chess from 1 May 1886 (by A. J. McConnochie, according to Whyld). Declines in interest in 1889 (new editor?) but chess continued to the end of 1891 at least.

Norwich Mercury. Norwich. Column by J. T. C. Chatto 15 Feb. 1888-28 Dec. 1889 with two small postal tourneys, and a more important column by John Keeble from 1902-1913 with a break in 1911 as stated by Whyld.

Nottingham Guardian. Supposedly Beechey from Feb.-July 1884 and then Marriott, with chess said to be on Tuesday. This entry in Whyld’s Columns (p. 319) is actually ambiguous, because there were two titles at that date: the Nottingham Daily Guardian and the Nottinghamshire Guardian (the latter a weekly from the same publisher). The Nottinghamshire Guardian column was started by H. E. Bird, then continued by A. T. Marriott until his death in late1884, and later by other local players, who also conducted the column in the daily paper.

Tony Gillam states that a later Gunsberg column was in the Nottingham Daily Guardian (dates as given by Whyld).

Oldhallian. Old Hall School, c. 1880. Not in Whyld and not seen, but mentioned in Waterloo Directory.

Our Corner. London monthly, edited by Annie Besant for the Freethought Publishing Company. Chess in the first volume (Jan-June 1883) was not by Gunsberg, as Whyld stated. He was involved from September-December as can be seen from the digitised version.(See also BCM, volume 3, page 385).

Ours: a fortnightly journal . London 1886: just a few articles about chesshave been preserved in a MS magazine of the Jews’ Free School, Bell Lane, East End. (Source: Jewish Museum website.)

Parlor Journal & London Magazine. Unavailable. Chess supposedly 1860-27 April 1861, including at least one correspondence tourney, but British Library does not hold for these dates. (Contemporary references in Norfolk News show spelling ‘Parlor’ not ‘Parlour’ as in Whyld.)

Pictorial Times. London. Merged with the Ladies’ Newspaper [q.v.] in Jan. 1851; numbering of chess problems continued according to G. B. Fraser, letters to White 28 Jan. 1887 and 24 Sept. 1887.

Preston Guardian. Preston, Lancashire, column by J. T. Palmer from 12 Nov. 1879 to 3 Oct. 1883, running two correspondence tourneys.

Recreationist, The. Monthly, 1873-4. It started in Southampton with F. J. B. Peters as editor, James White editing the chess (with correspondence tourneys) and J. Hedley the draughts. There was no May issue, publication being transferred to White in Leeds; Whyld has two separate entries. Peters and White were co-editors from June 1873 to end of volume 1 (Jan. 1874). In volume 2 (Feb.-Nov. 1874), when it was a draughts magazine only, White was publisher with Hedley as editor and no more Peters. This publication is held by the Royal Dutch Library.

Review, The: the Country Gentleman’s Journal. London. Chess by ‘Captain Crawley’ from 24 April 1858-17 Dec. 1859 (close of paper).

Reynolds’s Miscellany of Romance, General Literature, Science, and Art, London, published by G. W. Reynolds. Chess editor unknown, but column (problems, poor games, answers to correspondents) almost continuously from 4 Dec. 1858 to end of publication (19 June 1869).

Royal Exchange and Weekly Journal of Social Topics. London. Chess from 9 Nov. 1878 to Feb. 1879 (Chatto), then J. T. Palmer until publication ceased 6 Dec. 1879, when postal tourney transferred to the Preston Guardian [q.v.].

Saturday Magazine. London, 1841-4: miscellaneous and elementary articles by Charles Tomlinson, not a topical column. Some of this material later appeared in Tomlinson's book Amsusements at Chess.

Science Monthly Illustrated. London, 1883-4. Title changed to Illustrated Science Monthly [q.v.] in 1884.

Sheffield Independent. Henry Bird conducted a column from late 1882 for about a year in the Saturday supplement of the Sheffield and Rotherham Independent. From January-November 1883 essentially the same column also appeared in a Lancashire paper, the Tyldesley Weekly Journal. (Whyld also mentions Bird contributing to a Bolton paper in 1882 but this has not been traced.)

Bird gave up the column in November 1883 and from 1 Dec. 1883 an anonymous (Frideswide Beechey/Thomas Rowland) column began. In January 1884 the publishers started the Sheffield and Rotherham Weekly Independent Budget [title changed later to Sheffield Weekly Independent] and the chess moved to that. The paper also often carried problems by a local man. The Rowland column last appeared on 19 Oct. 1889, its competitions transferring to the Bristol Mercury , and a new local editor took over in Sheffield from 26 Oct. 1889.

South Devon Literary Chronicle. Plymouth monthly. Chess supposedly 1846-7. Feeble articles in 1847 (publication ended June); 1846 unavailable in B.L.

Southern Times. Weymouth, Dorset. Notwithstanding the scepticism of some previous writers (see Whyld p. 411) there was such a column, probably conducted by C. T. Atkins, between 12 Feb. and 10 Dec. 1853.

Southern Weekly News. Brighton. Column by Walter Mead from 19 May 1883 to 21 Dec. 1889. Excellent coverage of south-east English chess news, bridging the gap between the Sussex Chess Magazine & the Sussex Chess Journal.

Weekly Mail. Cardiff: weekly edition of the Western Mail, began publication on 12 Feb. 1870 with a chess column from the first issue, probably by Rev. Walter Evans, a leading Cardiff club member. (Whyld had said this column started in May 1871). Possibly the first Welsh chess column; a new column began in March 1884.

Weekly Scotsman. Edinburgh. Chess by D. Forsyth from 4 Nov. 1893-3 April 1897; Whyld lists it under the Scotsman.

West Sussex County Chronicle. Chichester 13 Nov. 1878-Dec 1879? Title slightly different in Whyld; editor probably always G. R. Downer. But 1879 ‘unfit for use’ in Colindale when sought.

Western Daily Mercury. Plymouth; usually Fridays. The publishing history is complicated; in some years (e.g. 1907) the column was repeated in the Western Weekly Mercury. Whyld says the first editors (from Aug. 1902) were C. T. Blanshard & P. J. Dancer but in 1903-4 it was Captain King’s syndicated column (as in the Bridlington Free Press). From 1905 it was by Blanshard & Co.; later W. Mears with Blanshard contributing items. The column continued until 19 July 1914 at least and Whyld says A. R. Cooper edited 4/1916-1921.

Westminster Budget. London (published by Sir George Newnes). 1897 and later. Not in Whyld. Discovered by Chris Ravilious and mentioned in BCM.

Westminster Papers, The. Listed in the page about magazines.

Womanhood. London monthly (edited by Ada Ballin until her death), volumes running Dec-May, June-Nov. Mrs Bowles’s column apparently started in issue two (Jan. 1899) and continued until the final issue (June 1907). There were seven issues in the final volume. Correspondence chess tourneys began in volume V; six were played but the result of the final group in the last one was never published. The British Library set was destroyed in the Second World War; the Bodleian has most volumes.

Wrexham Lantern and Tit-bits. Wrexham, Wales. Not found. Chess from 4 Nov. 1882 edited by Locke Holt, according to the Preston Guardian, 8 Nov. 1882, but this title is unknown to the British Library and Waterloo Directory.

Young Men of Great Britain. London weekly (2 vols per year). Chess column begun by G. F. Pardon in Jan. 1868 and handed over to Löwenthal, continued until vol. 7, no. 180 (originally 1871 but reissued 1878). Several correspondence tourneys were run. After ten volumes had been completed in 1872, there was apparently a break; the whole series was repeated starting in 1875.